The ACJ is where the collar bone meets the shoulder blade, this is a small joint supported by soft tissues. When you sprain the soft tissues they are over stretched, this causes a reaction in the soft tissues which manifests as pain around the joint.
Shoulder impingement is an umbrella term used to describe the compression or irritation of the rotator cuff tendons (tissue that attaches the muscle to the bone) underneath the bone or ligaments inside your shoulder. Other names are used to describe this problem, including sub acromial or sub deltoid bursitis, tendinopathy, subacromial pain syndrome and rotator cuff related pain.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition which can affect any joint. As part of normal life, your joints are exposed to a constant level of stress, which causes some wear and tear on the joint. In most cases, your body repairs this itself and you do not experience any symptoms but in osteoarthritis, this process becomes painful and can cause swelling and stiffness in the joint. Bony growths can develop, and the area can become inflamed (red and swollen).OA can occur at the end of the collar bone or inside the shoulder joint itself.
The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint and the joint is surrounded by a structure called a joint capsule. The joint capsule is usually very mobile and flexible, moving freely as you move your arm. A frozen shoulder is when the joint capsule becomes inflamed, thickened and stiffer, subsequently causing pain and loss of movement at the shoulder joint. A frozen shoulder is also described as adhesive capsulitis, a stiff shoulder or a contracted shoulder.
GTPS is a condition where pain is felt on the
outer side of the hip that may also travel down
the outer side of your thigh. It can present suddenly
through overuse or build up gradually over time.
The pain is most likely due to irritation, over loading
or degeneration of one or two of the smaller hip
muscle tendons (gluteus medius and minimus)
where they attach into the hip bone. This is also
known as ‘tendinopathy’. In roughly 20% of
occurrences there may be an associated
inflamed bursa known as a bursitis contributing